Iqra Hashmi, Yusuf Jamal, Ubaid Amir, Aysha Raza

Journal: History & Philosophy of Medicine
Year: 2021


Mizaj is derived from the Arabic word which means intermixing with each other. According to Ibn Nafees mizaj is an inter mixture of different components. The word mizaj is described as temperament which springs from the Latin word tempero, which suggests mix. In the Unani system of medicine mizaj is the most important and difficult concept as it describes the whole body and it should be in equilibrium and if there is any change in mizaj than the equilibrium gets disturbed and life is threatened. This study is conducted to relate the relationship between mizaj and COVID-19 patients basal metabolic rate. A cross sectional descriptive study to assess the mizaj in 78 mildly symptomatic COVID-19 patients of different age groups and gender was carried out in COVID-19 ward, Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College and Hospital, Karol Bagh, New Delhi, India during period of 2020–2021. Based on the various observations it is found that COVID-19 patients, mean basal metabolic rate is highest in people having balghami mizaj and lowest in people having safravi mizaj group.


Mizaj, Saudavi, Damvi, Balghami, Safravi, Tempero,Temperament, COVID-19

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