Mahdi Qanavati

Journal: Traditional Medicine
Year: 2020


Objectives: This study examined the hypothesis that whether any significant differences exist or not in individual temperament and somatotype components in young athletes.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was carried out with 202 male athletes (age = 23 years ± 2.7, mean ± SE). They were categorized into four groups according to their temperaments by using a questionnaire. Also, the Heath-Carter method was applied to estimate the somatotype components. One-Way ANOVA followed by Scheffe’s tests was organized (p0.05) for data analysis.

Results: In this research, the highest mesomorphy, ectomorphy and endomorphy components were observed in the Blood, Yellow Bile and Phlegm temperaments, respectively with means of 6.1 ± 0.28, 3.9 ± 0.11, and 5.9 ± 0.32. Also, a significant difference was observed between Blood temperament and, mesomorphy component (p0.05). Ectomorphy and mesomorphy components significantly differ among Yellow Bile temperament (p0.05). Significant differences also were showed between Black Bile temperament and all somatotype components (p0.05).

Conclusions: Given the importance of body type in sports performance, current findings suggest that coaches should be aware of the individual temperaments which could serve as a guide to design special training schedules for athletes.


Temperament, Somatotype, Traditional medicine, Heath-Carter method, Iran

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